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Does online dating lead to raised risk behaviour that is sexual? A cross-sectional research among MSM in Amsterdam, holland



Guys making love with males (MSM) often make an online search to locate intercourse lovers. We examined the relationship between unprotected rectal intercourse (UAI) with lovers dated on the web and with lovers dated offline (came across somewhere else), and examined whether distinctions could be explained by self-perceived HIV status regarding the knowledge and index of partnership traits.


MSM had been recruited in the Sexually sent Infections Clinic in Amsterdam, in 2008–2009. Individuals finished a questionnaire concerning behaviour that is sexual. Just guys reporting both on the internet and offline casual sex lovers had been included. We evaluated the relationship between online/offline partner dating and UAI, making use of random-effects regression analysis that is logistic.


Five hundred seventy-seven guys (351 HIV-negative, 153 HIV-positive, and 73 HIV-unaware) reported UAI in 26 per cent of 878 online, and 23 per cent of 903 offline casual partnerships. The crude OR of on the web dating for UAI had been 1.36 (95 per cent CI 1.03–1.81). HIV-positive guys had been more prone to report UAI than HIV-negative males (49 per cent vs. 28 percent of partnerships). Modified for demographic characteristics, online dating sites had no effect that is significant UAI among HIV-negative and HIV status-unaware guys, but HIV-positive males had been more prone to have UAI with online lovers (aOR = 1.65 95 percent CI 1.05–2.57). After correction for partner and partnership faculties the result of online/offline dating on UAI among HIV-positive MSM had been paid off with no longer significant.


Internet dating was not dramatically connected with UAI among HIV-negative MSM. HIV-positive MSM had been prone to practise UAI with lovers dated online; but, after modification for partner and partnership faculties, online partnership acquisition wasn’t related to a considerably increased chance of UAI.


Guys who possess intercourse with males (MSM) often utilze the internet to locate intercourse lovers. A few research reports have shown that MSM are more inclined to take part in unprotected intercourse that is anal intercourse lovers they meet over the internet (online) than with lovers they meet at social venues (offline) 1–3. This means that males who get partners online may be at an increased risk for intimately sent infections (STI) and HIV 4–6. Although higher prices of UAI are reported with online lovers, the possibility of HIV transmission additionally varies according to accurate familiarity with one’s own while the intercourse lovers’ HIV status 7–10.

A meta-analysis in 2006 discovered restricted proof that acquiring an intercourse partner on line boosts the threat of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) 3. Numerous studies that are previous males with online partners to guys with offline lovers. Nonetheless, males preferring internet dating might differ in several unmeasured respects from guys preferring offline dating, leading to incomparable behavioural profiles. An even more present meta-analysis included a few studies examining MSM with both online and offline acquired intercourse lovers and discovered proof for a connection between UAI and online partners, which may recommend a mediating aftereffect of additional information on lovers, (including recognized HIV status) on UAI 13.

With additional familiarity in intimate partnerships, as an example by concordant ethnicity, age, life style, HIV status, and increasing intercourse regularity, the odds for UAI increase aswell 14–16. We compared the incident of UAI in on the web acquired casual partnerships to that particular in offline acquired casual partnerships among MSM whom reported both online and offline casual lovers when you look at the preceding 6 months. We hypothesised that MSM who date intercourse partners both online and offline, report more UAI utilizing the casual partners they date online, and that this impact is partly explained through better familiarity with partner traits, including HIV status.


Establishing and individuals

We utilized information from the cross-sectional research concentrating on spread of STI via sexual systems 15. Between July 2008 and August 2009 MSM had been recruited through the STI outpatient clinic of this Public wellness provider of Amsterdam, holland. Guys were eligible for involvement they were at least 18 years old, and could understand written Dutch or English if they reported sexual contact with men during the six months preceding the STI consultation. People could engage more often than once, if subsequent visits into the hospital were associated with a potential STI that is new episode. Individuals had been regularly screened for STI/HIV in line with the standard procedures associated with STI outpatient center 15, 17. The research ended up being authorized by the medical ethics committee for the Academic Medical Center of Amsterdam (MEC 07/181), and written consent that is informed acquired from each participant. Most notable analysis had been guys whom reported intimate connection with at minimum one casual partner dated on the web aswell one casual partner dated offline.

Questionnaire and factors

Individuals finished a standardised anonymous questionnaire throughout their trip to the STI outpatient center while waiting around for initial test outcomes after their assessment having a nursing assistant or doctor. The questionnaire elicited information about socio-demographics and HIV status regarding the participant, the 3 many partners that are recent the preceding 6 months, and informative data on intimate behavior with those lovers. A step-by-step description for the research design plus the questionnaire is supplied somewhere else 15, 18. Our primary determinant of great interest, dating location ( e.g., the title of the club, park, club, or perhaps the title of a webpage) ended up being acquired for almost any partner, and categorised into on line (web sites), and offline (physical web sites) dating areas. To simplify the terminology of identifying the lovers per dating location, we make reference to them as online or offline lovers.