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Before a write-up is accepted for publication, this has to be reviewed by researchers employed in the same field (referees).

The most crucial characteristic of an academic or scholarly paper is before it can be published in an academic journal (the DEFSA website is an authorised ePublication) that it has to pass an academic quality assessment. This control process is known as peer-reviewing and it is designed to guarantee the academic standard of an article.

What is an academic research paper?

An paper that is academic not a social commentary, an impression or a “blog”. An academic paper begins with a thesis – the author of the academic paper aims to persuade readers of a thought or way to a challenge according to EVIDENCE – not personal opinion.

Academic writing should present your reader with an argument that is informed. To make an informed argument, you have to first attempt to work through everything you know about an interest from everything you think or feel about an interest. You can start by posing a question that may lead to your idea (in which case, your idea is the response to your question), or you can make a thesis statement. Or you can do both: you can ask a concern and immediately suggest the answer that your particular essay will argue.

The research process is certainly not simply collecting data, evidence, or “facts,” then copy-and-pasting” this information that is preexisting a paper. Instead, the investigation process is all about investigation —asking questions and developing answers through serious critical thinking and thoughtful reflection. Most research involve at least a survey or questionnaire soliciting opinions from a sample that is reasonably-sized of participants.

How are Academic Papers assessed?

  1. Is the Full Paper an reflection that is accurate of title, abstract and keywords?
  2. Does the paper clearly state the problem, outcomes, findings or conclusions. Could be the structure regarding the paper clear and logical?
  3. Does the paper clearly define the methodology, research tools and research questions?
  4. Does the paper include sufficient relevant theory and is such knowledge clearly portrayed and correctly cited?
  5. Performs this paper present knowledge that is new insights, and suggest future operate in the field of design education.
  6. Are any right custom writing com components of the paper weak or lacking, and just how could these be improved?
  7. Have ethical requirements been addressed, including how the research was conducted.
  8. Does the paper stick to the style guidelines?

In addition, papers presented at DEFSA Academic conferences are evaluated in a Double Blind Peer Review against the following criteria:

  1. Does the paper address the conference theme?
  2. Does the paper contribute to Design Education (or closely related) focus areas? It is important to observe that papers must address issues related to design education such as for instance knowledge production, curriculum, assessment and pedagogy, and never designing or even the design profession.
  3. Does the paper present an academically sound argument that contributes to original research output?
  4. The abstract contains a summary that is short of article along with a description of the objective, method, result and conclusion associated with the study. Keywords (or words that are subject, which identify the contents associated with the article, will also be given when you look at the abstract. An abstract is between 300 and 500 words.

    A Full Paper can contain as much as 5 000 words, and is comprised of the immediate following:


  5. Briefly describe the main focus for the paper that is overall its main points
  6. Highlight background information or issues required to comprehend the direction of this paper. The evaluator might not be from your own field of design.
  7. Define any terminology that is key to know the subject
  8. Finish with your thesis statement
  9. Research Method and material

    • The methodology and methods should be reasonable for and appropriate compared to that which is being studied.
    • Identify the methods used to recognize and locate sources therefore the rationale employed for selecting the sources to analyse. The detail should always be sufficient so the research process can be assessed, and reproduced by future researchers.
    • Give an explanation for procedures useful for analysing the data and arriving at findings.


    • Important data is given textual form preferably using tables and figures. Even unexpected or negative email address details are presented.


    • The discussion is an assessment for the results. Methodological considerations along with the way in which the outcomes compare to earlier research on the go are discussed.


    • Restate your thesis from the introduction in various words
    • Briefly summarise each point that is main in the body of the paper (1-2 sentences for every point). Give a statement associated with the consequences of not embracing the career paper that is(argumentative)
    • End with a clincher that is strong: a proper, meaningful final sentence that ties the whole point of this paper together


    • All documents mentioned in the article should really be within the bibliography so that the reader is able to relate to the sources that are original.